OPTIMAL PERIODIC REPLACEMENT USING ACCELERATED LIFE TESTING FOR INVERTED WEIBULL DISTRIBUTIONOsama H Mahmoud Hassan 1 ; Eman A El-Dessouky Nassef 2
2 Department of Statistics, Faculty of Commerce, Al- Azhar University, Egypt.
Article Id - IJARET_12_03_056, Pages : 613-625
Google Scholar Link
Scopedatabase Link : https://scopedatabase.com/Document/document_search?title=OPTIMAL PERIODIC REPLACEMENT USING ACCELERATED LIFE TESTING FOR INVERTED WEIBULL DISTRIBUTION&type=1
Planned maintenance of facilities, equipment, and systems with periodic replacements is designed to improve equipment life and avoid any unplanned maintenance activities, helping to reduce equipment downtime and reduce the number of major repairs, reduce overtime costs and safety and quality conditions are improved for all. In this paper, we estimate the optimal periodic replacement for repairable and non-repairable products that minimize the total replacement cost and replacement cost rate. The investigations concern the estimation of parameters. Inverted Weibull distribution using the power rule model for constant stress in accelerated life tests. The maximum likelihood method is used to estimate the model and life distribution parameters from the test data when Type II censoring is applied. The confidence interval for the model parameters is constructed using the normal approximation and the bootstrap method. We use the estimated parameters to achieve optimal periodic replacement of repairable and non-repairable products, which minimizes the total cost of replacement. Finally, some numerical illustrations are provided. We find the confidence interval length for the estimated parameters in bootstrap method for the shape parameter of IW distribution greater than it in normal approximation while for scale parameter is vice verse. Furthermore, the optimal periodical replacement for nonrepairable or repairable products is increasing as increasing the values of the estimated parameters.
Accelerated Life Testing, Inverted Weibull Distribution, Maintenance, Constant Stress, Power Rule Model, Optimal Periodic Replacement, Expected Replacement Cost, Expected Replacement Cost Rate
Share and Cite:
 Toshio Nakagawa; Xufeng Zhao. Asymptotic replacement and preventive maintenance policies. International Conference on Quality, Reliability, Risk, Maintenance, and Safety Engineering, IEEE, 2011. DOI: 10.1109/ICQR2MSE.2011.5976643
 Liang Wen; Xisheng Jia; Su Wu;Binfeng Li . Robustness of age replacement strategy in maintenance management, IEEE,2011. DOI: 10.1109/ICQR2MSE.2011.5976687
 Minjae Park; Ki Mun Jung; Dong Ho Park. A Generalized Age Replacement Policy for Systems Under Renewing Repair-Replacement Warranty. IEEE Transactions on Reliability 2016, Volume 65, Issue 2, 604-612. 10.1109/TR.2015.2500358
 Minjae Park; Ki Mun Jung; Dong Ho Park. Optimization of periodic preventive maintenance policy following the expiration of two-dimensional warranty. Reliability Engineering and System Safety 2018, v. 170, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ress.2017.10.009
 Fabio Sgarbossa; Ilenia Zennaro; Eleonora Florian, Alessandro Persona. Impacts of weibull parameters estimation on preventive maintenance cost. IFAC (International Federation of Automatic Control)2018, v. 51, pp. 508–513. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ifacol.2018.08.369
 Yuqiang Fu; Tao Yuan; Xiaoyan Zhu. Optimum Periodic Component Reallocation and System Replacement Maintenance. IEEE Transactions on Reliability2019, Vol. 68, no. 2, 735 -763. DOI: 10.1109/TR.2018.2874187
 Yuqiang Fu;Xiaoyan Zhu; Xiaoyang Ma. Optimum component reallocation and system replacement maintenance for a used system with increasing minimal repair cost. Reliability Engineering & System Safety2020, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ress.2020.107137
 Debasis Kundua; Hatem Howlader. Bayesian inference and prediction of the inverse Weibull distribution for Type-II censored data. Computational Statistics and Data Analysis 2010, v. 54, 1547_1558. DOI: 10.1016/j.csda.2010.01.003
 Han Qingtian; Li Lian; Gao Xiaoyan. Statistical Inference of the Environment Factor for Inverse Weibull distribution. 2nd Conference on Environmental Science and Information Application Technology 2010, 613-616. DOI: 10.1109/ESIAT.2010.5568454
 Rola M. Musleh; Amal Helu. Estimation of the inverse Weibull distribution based on progressively censored data: Comparative study. Reliability Engineering and System Safety 2014, vol. 131, 216–227. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ress.2014.07.006
 Arwa Nasr; Soufiane Gasmi; Fayc¸al Ben Hmida. Reliability parameter estimation of the Inverse Flexible Weibull Distribution for Type-I censored samples. 16th international conference on Sciences and Techniques of Automatic control & computer engineering - STA'2015, Monastir, Tunisia, December 21-23, 2015, 8-13. DOI: 10.1109/STA.2015.7505118
 Chiodo1 E.; Mazzanti G.; Karimian M . Bayes Estimation of Inverse Weibull Distribution for Extreme Wind Speed Prediction”, IEEE 2015, 639-646. DOI: 10.1109/ICCEP.2015.7177587
 Nassar M.; Abo-Kasem O.E. Estimation of the inverse Weibull parameters under adaptive typeII progressive hybrid censoring scheme. Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics 2017, 315 ,228–239. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cam.2016.11.012
 Hassan M. Okasha; El-Baz A.H.; Tarabia A.M.K; Abdulkareem M. Basheer. Extended inverse Weibull distribution with reliability application. Journal of the Egyptian Mathematical Society 2017, vol. 25, 343–349. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joems.2017.02.006
 Changhai Li; Yunlong Teng; Lulu An; Qiuge Dan. Imprecise reliability of lifetime data based on three parameter generalized inverse Weibull distribution. IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Asia 2019, 1667-1670.
 Abdulkareem M. Basheer. Alpha power inverse Weibull distribution with reliability application. Journal of Taibah University for Science 2019, Vol. 13, No. 1, 423–432. DOI: 10.1080/16583655.2019.1588488
 Amal S. Hassan; Salwa M. Assar; Ahmed N.Zaky. Constant-stress partially accelerated life tests for inverted Weibull distribution with multiple censored data. International Journal of Advanced Statistics and Probability 2015, vol. 3 , no. 1, 72-82. DOI: 10.14419/ijasp.v3i1.4418
 Ahmed A. Soliman; Essam A. Ahmed; Abou-Elheggag N. A; Samah. M. Ahmed. Step-Stress Partially Accelerated Life Tests Model in Estimation of Inverse Weibull Parameters under Progressive Type-II Censoring. Applied Mathematics & Information Sciences 2017, Vol. 11, No. 5, 1369-1381. DOI: 10.18576/amis/110514
 Ali A. Ismaila; Al Tamimi A. Optimal Design of failure – Censored Constant –Stress Life Tests Plans for The Inverse Weibull. Strength of Materials 2019, Vol. 51, No. 1, 156-165. DOI 10.1007/s11223-019-00061-0
 Akgul F. G.; Yu K.; Senogluc B. Classical and Bayesian Inferences in Step- Stress Partially Accelerated life tests for Inverse Weibull Distribution under Type-I Censoring. Strength of Materials 2020, Vol. 52, No. 3, 480-496. DOI: 10.1007/s11223-020-00200-y
 Chitra. Life Based Maintenance Policy for Minimum Cost, Proceedings Annual Reliability and Maintainability Symposium 2003, 470-474. DOI: 10.1109/RAMS.2003.1182034
 Yeh R.H.; Chen M.Y.; Lin C.Y. Optimal periodic replacement policy for repairable products under free repair warranty. European Journal of Operational Research 2007, Vol.176, 1678– 1686. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2005.10.047
 Chien Y.H. A general age-replacement model with minimal repair under renewing freereplacement warranty. European Journal of Operational Research 2008, Vol.186, 1046–1058. DoI: 10.1016/j.ejor.2007.02.030
 Chien Y.H. The effect of a pro-rata rebate warranty on the age replacement policy with salvage value consideration. IEEE Transactions on Reliability 2010, Vol.59 (2), 383–392. DOI: 10.1109/TR.2010.2048677
 Chien Y.H. Optimal periodic replacement policy for a GPP repairable product under the freerepair warranty. Quality Technology & Quantitative Management 2019, 16:3, 347-354, DOI: 10.1080/16843703.2017.1422218
ResearchGate was built for scientists, by scientists, with the idea that science can do more when it's driven by collaboration. The rapid evolution of technology has opened the door to change; by providing you with the right tools, we strive to facilitate scientific collaboration on a global scale.
Please click the following link to see thescreenshot
Journal Impact Factor (JIF)
Journal Impact Factor (JIF) is a measure reflecting the average number of citations to articles published in journals, books, patent document, thesis, project reports, news papers, conference/ seminar proceedings, documents published in internet, notes and any other approved documents. It is measure the relative importance of a journal within its field, with journals of higher journal impact factors deemed to be more important than those with lower ones. Journal Impact factors are calculated in yearly/half- yearly/ Quarterly/Monthly for those journals that are indexed in Journal Reference Reports (JRR).
Please click the following link to see thescreenshot
JournalTOCs is the biggest searchable collection of scholarly journal Tables of Contents (TOCs). It contains articles' metadata of TOCs for over 26,905 journals directly collected from over 2556 publishers. JournalTOCs pulls together a database of Table of Contents (TOCs) from scholarly journals and provides a convenient single "one stop shop" interface to these TOCs.
Please click the following link to see thescreenshot
Our IAEME Publication journals are indexed in various indexing search engines
- Scope Database (www.scopedatabase.com)
- Journal Impact factor (www.jifactor.com)
- Scopus (www.scopus.com)
- Web of Science (www. mjl.clarivate.com)
- Directory of Open Access Journals ((DOAJ) (www. doaj.org)
- Google Scholar (https://scholar.google.com)
- ResearchGate (https://www.researchgate.net/)
- Academia (https://www.academia.edu/)
- Mendeley (https://www.mendeley.com/)
- SSRN (https://www.ssrn.com/)
- Microsoft Academic (https://academic.microsoft.com/)
- Inspec (https://www.theiet.org/publishing/inspec/)
- CiteFactor (https://www.citefactor.org/)
- SlideShare (https://www.slideshare.net/)
- Publons (https://publons.com/)- Web of Science ResearcherID
- Chemical Abstracts Service (https://www.cas.org/)
- Directory of Research Journals Indexing (http://olddrji.lbp.world/)
- Indian Science Abstracts (ISA) (http://isa.niscair.res.in/)
- CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure) (https://oversea.cnki.net/index/)
- Indian Citation Index (ICI) (http://www.indiancitationindex.com/)
- Advanced Science Index (https://journal-index.org/)
- OALib (https://www.oalib.com/)
- ResearchBib (https://www.researchbib.com/)
Aim and Scope
International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering and Technology (IJARET) is a peer-reviewed, open access, interdisciplinary and fully refereed journal that publishes original research articles and review articles in all areas of Engineering and Technology. Papers should focus on technical applications and developing research at the cutting edge of the all Engineering and Technology related discipline.
The aim of the journal is to provide academicians, researchers and professionals a platform to share cutting-edge development in the field of Engineering and Technology.
International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering and Technology (IJARET) is a journal promoting the discovery, innovation, advancement and dissemination of basic and transitional knowledge in engineering, technology and related disciplines.
Dr. S. Nallusamy - Dr. MGR Educational and Research Institute, India
Dr. Kadhim Naief Kadhim - College of Engineering, Babylon University, IRAQ
Dr. G. Arthanareeswaran - Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Trichy, India
Dr. S.Balasubramanian - IAEME Publication, India
Dr. N. Kannan - St.Mary's School of Management Studies, India
Dr. V. Antony Joe Raja - Sri Muthukumaran Institute of Technology, India
Prof. B. Arthi Gandhimathi - IAEME Publication, India
Dr. N. Tamil Selvan - RVS College of Engineering & Technology, Coimbatore, India
Mr. K.Prasanth - IAEME Publication, India
Mr. T.Nagarajan - IAEME Publication, India
Mr. R. P. Gopinath - IAEME Publication, India
Dr. Sridhar Iyer - Professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India
Dr. Ajeet kumar rai - SSET, SHIATS-DU, Allahabad, India
Dr. Mohamed Kchaou - University Of Sousse, Tunisia
Dr. Chao Wang - Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Dr. Mohd Azman Bin Abdullah - University Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Malaysia.
Dr. Fateh Mebarek-Oudina - Skikda University, Algeria.
Dr. Mohamed saber mohamed gad nemat alla - National research centre (nrc) el dokki, Giza, Egypt
Dr. Barish dantal - Application Development Engineer, Momentive Performance Materials, US
Dr. Moises diaz-cabrera - University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
Dr. Irvan dahlan - University sains Malaysia.
Dr. Najm alghazali - Babylon university, Iraq.
Dr. Mansour Jadid - University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
Dr. Mohammed Al Mohsin - University of Buraimi, Oman
Dr. Pei tang - JCMS, Inc- Mercerville, USA
Dr. Manish kewalramani - College of Engineering, Abu Dhabi University, Abu Dhabi, UAE.
Dr. Nazimabdulnariman - Bauhaus University Weimar,Germany.
Dr. Yongwei shan - Oklahoma state university, USA.
Dr. Saleh abd el-aleem mohammed - Faculty of Science, Fayoum University, Fayoum, Egypt.
Dr. S. Kishore reddy - Adama Science & Technology University, Ethiopia.
Dr. Aldona kuśmińska-fijałkowska - Colorado Technical University, USA
Dr. Bensafi abd-el-hamid - Abou Bekr Belkaid University of Tlemcen, Algeria.
Dr. K.V.I.N.Acharyulu - Bapatla Engineering College,Bapatla, India
Dr. Vishnu narayan mishra - Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, India
Dr. A.Elaya perumal - Anna University, India
Dr. Madhu - Government Engg. College, KRPET, India
Dr. G. Arthanareeswaran - NIT Trichy, India
Dr. T. R. Vijayaram - VIT University, Chennai, India
Dr. Sunil kumar - National Institute of Technology, India
Dr. Ratri parida - IIT Kharagpur, India
Dr. Waldemar Nowakowski - Kazimierz Pulaski University of Technology and Humanities, Poland
Dr. Parin Shah - Institute of Technology, Nirma University, India
Dr. Ashok Tripathi - SHIATS, Allahabad, India
Dr. H.T.Basavarajappa - University of Mysore, India
Dr. R. Dilli Babu - Department of Industrial Engineering, Anna University, Chennai-India
Dr. Nilaj N. Deshmukh - Fr.C.Rodrigues Institute of Technology, India
Dr. Wilson Udo Udofia - University of Uyo, Nigeria
Dr. Satish kumar Moparthi - Kallam Haranadha Reddy Institute of Technology, Andhra Pradesh, India
Dr. H. Erdem Çamurlu - Akdeniz University, TÜRKİYE
Dr. GIRISHA L - PES Institute of Technology and Management, Karnataka, India
Dr. M. Mubarak - Karpagam College of Engineering, Tamilnadu, India
Dr. Ahmed Daabo - University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq
Dr. R. Sharmila - Er.Perumal Manimekalai College of Engineering, Tamilnadu, India
Dr. Mourad HEBALI - University Mustafa Stmboli, Algeria
Dr. Hao Yi - Chongqing University, China
Dr. Ahmed Kawther Hussein - Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq
Dr. Bambang Leo Handoko - Bina Nusantara University of Indonesia
Dr. T.Phani Madhavi - Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Bapatla Engineering College, Andhra Pradesh, India
Dr. Prateek Nigam - Bansal College of Engineering, Madhya Pradesh, India
Dr. D. Narasimhan - SASTRA Deemed University, Tamilnadu, India
Prof. Taher Anwar Tawfik - Higher Institute for Engineering, 6 October City, Egypt
Dr. Mohamed KCHAOU - College of Engineering, University of Bisha, Saudi Arabia; National Engineering School of Sfax, University of Sfax, Tunisia
Dr. A R Pradeep Kumar - Dhanalakshmi College of Engineering, Tamilnadu, India
Dr. C. Kamalanathan - GITAM Deemed to be University, Andhra Pradesh, India
Dr. Olha V. Prokopenko - International Humanitarian University, Ukraine
Dr. Iryna Bashynska - Odessa National Polytechnic University
Dr. Shahzad Ashraf - Hohai University, Changzhou Campus, China
Dr. Francesco Abbondati - Parthenope University of Napoli, Italy
Dr. Dhanasekaran S - Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, India
Dr. Naga Swetha Pasupuleti - Associate Professor, Head – International Research & Collaborations Cell, Galgotias University, Greater Noida, India.
Prof. Ruqayah K Mohammed - Faculty Member in Civil Engineering Department, Babylon University, Iraq.
Dr. Guendouz Mohamed - Lecturer, Yahia Farès University of Medea, Algeria
Dr. Mahdi Hosseini - Research Scientist, Department of Civil Engineering, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Hyderabad, India.
Dr. Hesham A. Numan - Mustansiriyah University, Faculty of Engineering, Civil Engineering Department, Baghdad, Iraq.
Dr. N. Pannirselvam - Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, India.
Dr. T. Kamatchi - Associate Professor, Mechanical Department, Velammal College of Engineering and Technology, Tamilnadu, India.
Dr. A.N. Jha - Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India.
Prof. Isma-ae Chelong - Assistant Professor, Faculty of Science Technology and Agriculture, Yala Rajabhat University, Thailand
Prof. Ing. Giorgio Frunzio - Department of Architecture and Disease Industrial, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy
Dr. A. Mallikarjuna Reddy - Assoc. Professor, CSE Department, Anurag Group of Institutions(Autonomous), Hyderabad, India
Dr. Aaisha Makkar - Research Associate, International Project on Cyber Security, Punjab, India
Dr. Ravindran Mariappan - Associate Professor, (SG), Electrical and Electronics Engineering Department, National Engineering College, Kovilpatti, Tamilnadu, India
Prof. Uma Govindarajan - Professor & Head of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Department, College of Engineering Guindy, Anna University, Tamil Nadu, India
Dr. S.M.Chaware - Professor, Computer Engineering, ISO, IQAC and NBA Coordinator, Marathwada Mitramandal’s College of Engineering, Pune-India
Dr. R.Neela - Professor of Electrical Engineering, Annamalai University, Tamilnadu, India
Dr. Manikandan Parasuraman - Professor, Computer Science and Engineering Department, Malla Reddy Engineering College for Women, Maisammaguda, Secunderabad, Telangana, India.
Prof. Ravi Kumar Yeda - Scientist-G, SINT (E) Division, Defence Electronics Research Laboratory (DLRL), Naseeb Nagar, Chandrayangutta, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
Prof. L. Premalatha - Department of Electrical Engineering, VIT University, Chennai, India
Dr. Tanuja K Sarode - Professor and Head, Department of Computer Engineering, Thadomal Shahani Engineering College, Mumbai, India
Dr. MaruthuPandi Perumal - Assistant Professor, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Govt. College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India
Dr. Irvan Dahlan - Universiti Sains Malaysia,Malaysia
Dr. Mansour Jadid - University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
Dr. Kadhim Naief Kadhim - College of Engineering, Babylon University, IRAQ
Dr. Nazimabdulnariman - Bauhaus Universitat Weimar,Germany
Dr. Saleh Abd El-Aleem Mohammed - Faculty of Science, Fayoum University, Fayoum, Egypt
Dr. Venkata Ragahavendra Miriampally - Adama Science & Technology University, Ethiopia
Dr. Sukumar Senthilkumar - Chon Buk National University, South Korea
Dr. Sattar J Aboud - Anglia Ruskin University, UK
Dr. M. H. Raza - Dalhousie University,Canada
Dr. Mohammed.Faisal - Nizwa College of Technology,OMAN
Dr. Dheyaa J. Kadhim - College of Engineering, University of Baghdad, Iraq
Dr. Mohammed Ali Hussain - Sri Sai Madhavi Institute of Science & Technology, India
Dr. A.K.Sen - Principal, St. Francis Institute of Technology, Mumbai University, India
Dr. Inderjeet Kaur - Ajay Kumar Garg Engineering College, Ghiaziabad, India
Dr. Suryakant B Patil - JSPM's ICOER, Wagholi, Pune, India
Dr. A.Udayakumar - Hindustan University, India
Dr. V.Baskaran - Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, India
Dr. Uday Kumar - Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Technology, India
Dr. A. G. Matani - Govt. College of Engg, Amravati ,India
Dr. P.Muthupriya - Sri Krishna College of Technology ,Coimbatore, India
Dr. Nkolika Joy Peter - Covenant University, Nigeria
Dr. J.B. Seventiline - Professor and Assistant Principal of GITAM Institute of Technology under GITAM, Gandhi Nagar, Rushikonda, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh 530045.
Paper title (14 Bold)- Capital Letter
First Author1, Second Author2 (13 Bold- Times New Roman)
1(Department, College/ University Name, Address, Country Name, Email) (12)
2(Department, College/ University Name, Address, Country Name, Email) (12)
ABSTRACT (12 Bold)
The abstract should summarize the content of the paper. Try to keep the abstract below 350 words. Do not make references nor display equations in the abstract. The journal will be printed from the same-sized copy prepared by you. Your manuscript should be printed on A4 paper (21.0 cm x 29.7 cm). It is imperative that the margins and style described below be adhered to carefully. This will enable us to keep uniformity in the final printed copies of the Journal. Please keep in mind that the manuscript you prepare will be photographed and printed as it is received. Readability of copy is of paramount importance.(12)
Keywords (12 Bold) : About five key words in alphabetical order, separated by comma (12)
I. INTRODUCTION (12 BOLD)
The introduction of the paper should explain the nature of the problem, previous work, purpose, and the contribution of the paper. The contents of each section may be provided to understand easily about the paper. (12)
II. HEADINGS (12 BOLD)
The headings and subheadings, starting with "1. Introduction", appear in upper and lower case letters and should be set in bold and aligned flush left. All headings from the Introduction to Acknowledgements are numbered sequentially using 1, 2, 3, etc. Subheadings are numbered 1.1, 1.2, etc. If a subsection must be further divided, the numbers 1.1.1, 1.1.2, etc.
The font size for heading is 12 points bold face and subsections with 12 points and not bold. Do not underline any of the headings, or add dashes, colons, etc. (12)
III. INDENTATIONS AND EQUATIONS(12 BOLD)
The first paragraph under each heading or subheading should be flush left, and subsequent paragraphs should have a five-space indentation. A colon is inserted before an equation is presented, but there is no punctuation following the equation. All equations are numbered and referred to in the text solely by a number enclosed in a round bracket (i.e., (3) reads as "equation 3"). Ensure that any miscellaneous numbering system you use in your paper cannot be confused with a reference  or an equation (3) designation. (12)
IV. FIGURES AND TABLES(12 BOLD)
To ensure a high-quality product, diagrams and lettering MUST be either computerdrafted or drawn using India ink.
Figure captions appear below the figure, are flush left, and are in lower case letters.When referring to a figure in the body of the text, the abbreviation "Fig." is used. Figures should be numbered in the order they appear in the text.
Table captions appear centered above the table in upper and lower case letters. When referring to a table in the text, no abbreviation is used and "Table" is capitalized. (12). Figures and tables should be included in the running text itself
V. CONCLUSION (12 BOLD)
A conclusion section must be included and should indicate clearly the advantages, limitations, and possible applications of the paper. Although a conclusion may review the main points of the paper, do not replicate the abstract as the conclusion. A conclusion might elaborate on the importance of the work or suggest applications and extentions. (12)
VI. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS(12 Bold)
An acknowledgement section may be presented after the conclusion, if desired.( 12)
REFERENCES (12 BOLD)
This heading is not assigned a number.
A reference list MUST be included using the following information as a guide. Only cited text references are included. Each reference is referred to in the text by a number enclosed in a square bracket (i.e., ). References must be numbered and ordered according to where they are first mentioned in the paper, NOT alphabetically.
 M Ozaki, Y. Adachi, Y. Iwahori, and N. Ishii, Application of fuzzy theory to writer recognition of Chinese characters, International Journal of Modelling and Simulation, 18(2), 1998, 112-116. (12)
 R.E. Moore, Interval analysis (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1966). (12) Note that the title of the book is in lower case letters and italicized. There is no comma following the title. Place of publication and publisher are given.
Chapters in Books:
 P.O. Bishop, Neurophysiology of binocular vision, in J.Houseman (Ed.), Handbook of physiology, 4 (New York: Springer-Verlag, 1970) 342-366. (12) Note that the place of publication, publisher, and year of publication are enclosed in brackets. Editor of book is listed before book title.
 D.S. Chan, Theory and implementation of multidimensional discrete systems for signal processing, doctoral diss., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 1978. (12)
 W.J. Book, Modelling design and control of flexible manipulator arms: A tutorial review, Proc. 29th IEEE Conf. on Decision and Control, San Francisco, CA, 1990, 500-506 (12)
IAEME Publication charges an Article Processing Charge (APC) once an article is accepted for publication. These charges cover the costs of turning a manuscript into a finished article, as well as the costs of hosting, distributing and promoting an article.
Article Processing Charges explained
We are committed to making the costs of publishing as clear as possible and so the charges for each journal are clearly displayed on each journal`s homepage.
When a manuscript is submitted, it passes through the many different departments at Hindawi to ensure the quality checks, peer review, production and promotion of articles is carried out in a timely manner and to a high standard:
✔ The Editorial Screening team, who perform initial technical and ethical checks
✔ The Editorial team, who help the journal`s Academic Editors manage the review process
✔ The Production team, who convert the manuscript to a professionally typeset article and well-structured file format
✔ The Proofing team, who coordinate the proofing process through Hindawi`s Online Proofing System (OPS)
✔ The Editorial Quality Assurance team, who perform a final check to ensure that the manuscript and its review process adhere to the journal`s guidelines and policies
✔ Our Marketing and Communication teams, who ensure your article receives the attention it deserves.
✔ The Technology team, who build and maintain our systems, and develop new systems
The work these teams do contribute to the requirement of an APC and is why the actual amount payable varies depending on the journal in which you wish to publish your article.
IAEME Publication does not request Article Submission Charges, also called Submission Fees. These are due at the time of submission of the manuscript. Nor does IAEME charge per page or for color figures or for any other items for which other publishers are known to charge.
Sources for Article Processing Charges (APC)
Authors of an article are responsible for arranging the payment of APC. Still, that typically does not mean that authors end up paying for the publication of the article. The cost of APC is very often assumed either by the organization funding the research published in the article, or by an Open Access Publishing Fund, or by the institution at which the author is employed.
Fair Dealing - Authors and Publisher
When an author submits a manuscript for review at one of IAEME`s journals, the submitted manuscript should not have been previously published in any form and must not be currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. The manuscript should also not be submitted to any other journal during the review process at IAEME Publication. In case the review process at IAEME takes much longer than stated and the author wishes to end the review process at IAEME, he/she should get in contact with the Editorial Assistant of the journal at IAEME and come to an agreement suitable for both sides after looking at the stage of the manuscript in the review process.
With the APC specified above, the author is given an indication what the APC will be. IAEME is charging Publication Fees (APC) but not Submission Fees. This is to the benefit to authors because payments are only due once the author knows the manuscript is accepted. IAEME with editors and reviewers puts much effort in dealing with the manuscript and expects the authors to stick to the common plan of publishing the paper which is linked to payments of APC as given above at the end of the review process. The author is not legally bound at this time, but it would be seen as a strong breach of academic conduct to back off from the publication process. Once the manuscript is accepted for publication, IAEME will issue an invoice in the Paper Submission and Manuscript Tracking System. This is IAEME `s legal offer and will state the regular APC of the journal. The Corresponding Author is expected to arrange payments of the amount stated at this time. In severe cases IAEME `s Complaints Procedure can be followed and the result of this should be binding to the author.
Once an article has been accepted for publication, any Article Processing Charges on the article become due. The submitting author accepts responsibility for the Article Processing Charges, and will not issue refunds of any kind except those payments made by mistake or in excess of the amount required.
- General Engineering
- Civil and Architecture Engineering
- Chemical Engineering
- Electronics and Computer Engineering
- Information Engineering and Technology
- Automation and Mechatronics Engineering
- Material and Chemical Engineering