OPTIMIZATION OF EDM PARAMETERS USING RSM AND GREY RELATIONAL ANALYSIS FOR ALUMINIUM TITANIUM DIBORIDE (AL-TIB2)

Kim J Seelan 1 ; Rajesh R 2 ; Liji R. F 3
1 John Cox Memorial CSI Institute of Technology , India .
2 Noorul Islam University, India .
3 John Cox Memorial CSI Institute of Technology , India .

Article Id - IJMET_08_05_106, Pages : 1022-1033

0 Downloads   0 Views   0 Citation

Abstract

The main objective of the present study is to find which and all parameters affects the machinability of Al-TiB2 (LM25) using RSM and Grey Relational Analysis for Electric Discharge Machining (EDM). The study done also evaluates which levels of input parameters affect the machinability. For the present study, Al-TiB2 Metal Matrix Composite (MMC) were fabricated/casted by stir casting route. Non-conventional machining process Electric Discharge Machining (EDM) was used for the study. Voltage, Discharge Current, Spark-on-Time and Spark-off-Time were selected as process parameters for the present study. The output parameters considered for this study are Metal Removal Rate (MRR), Tool Wear Rate (TWR) and Surface Roughness (Ra). For design of experiment, Response Surface Methodology (RSM) were used and 3 level 30 experimental array was designed. For optimization, Grey relational analysis (GRA) method was implemented.

Keywords

AlTiB2, LM25, Electric Discharge Machining (EDM), Response Surface Methodology (RSM), Grey relational analysis (GRA).

Share and Cite:

Kim J Seelan, Rajesh R and Liji R. F, Optimization of EDM Parameters Using RSM and Grey Relational Analysis For Aluminium Titanium Diboride (Al-Tib2), International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology, 8(5), 2017, pp. 1022- 1033

References

[1] Sanjeev Das, Siddhartha Das and Karabi Das, Composites Science and Technology 67 (2007)

[2] J.J. Rino, D. Chandramohan, K.S. Sucitharan, V.D. JebinAn overview on development of aluminium metal matrix composites with hybrid reinforcementIJSR India Online ISSN (2012), pp. 2319–7064

[3] M. K. Surappa, Aluminium metal matrix composites: challenges and opportunities, Sadhana, Volume 28, No. 1-2, (2003) 319-334.

[4] Akhilesh Jayakumar, Mahesh Rangaraj, Property Analysis of Aluminium (LM-25) Metal Matrix Composite, International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering Website: Volume 4, Issue 2, (2014) 495-501

[5] A.K. Prasad Rao, K. Das, B.S. Murty, M. Chakraborty, Microstructural and wear behaviour of hypoeutectic Al–Si alloy (LM25) grain refined and modified with Al–Ti–C–Sr master alloy, Wear, Volume 261, Issue 2, (2006), 133–139.

[6] Suman Kant, Ajay Singh Verma, Stir Casting Process in Particulate Aluminium Metal Matrix Composite: A Review, International Journal of Mechanics and Solids, Volume 9, Number 1 (2017), 61-69

[7] Mungara Pavan Kumar, Namburi Vinay Prakash, K.Surya Prakash, J.Sai Sandeep, Experimental Investigation Of Mechanical Properties Of Aluminium Reinforced With Sic And Graphitea Hybrid Metal Matrix Composite, International Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Development, Issue 6, Volume 3 (2016), 78-82

[8] K.H Ho, S.T Newman, State of the art electrical discharge machining (EDM), International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, Volume 43, Issue 13, (2003), 1287-1300

[9] Trupti G. Raut 1 , M.Y. Shinde, A Review on Optimization of Machining Parameters in EDM, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Volume 4, Issue 3, (2015), 893-896

[10] Shaaz Abulais , Current Research trends in Electric Discharge Machining(EDM):Review, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 5, Issue 6, (2014), 100- 118

[11] Khairul Anwar Mohamad Said, Mohamed Afizal Mohamed Amin, Overview on the Response Surface Methodology (RSM) in Extraction Processes, Journal of Applied Science & Process Engineering, Volume 2, Issue 1, (2015), 8-17.

[12] Ravi Chahal , Vijay Kumar, Optimization of Material Removal Rate in Wire EDM Using Design of Experiment, International Journal of Enhanced Research in Science Technology & Engineering, Volume 4, Issue 6, (2015), 528-537.

[13] Raghuraman S., Thirupathi K., Panneerselvam T., Santosh S., Optimization of EDM parameters using taguchi method and grey relational analysis for mild steel IS 2026, International Journal of Innovative research in science, engineering and technology, Volume 2, Issue 7, (2013), 3095-3103.

[14] Yiyo Kuoa, Taho Yangb, Guan-Wei Huangb, The use of grey relational analysis in solving multiple attribute decision-making problems, Computers & Industrial Engineering, Volume 55, Issue 1, (2008), 80–93

[15] L B Abhang1, M Hameedullah, Application of RSM with Grey Relational analysis in metal cutting for Multi-response quality characteristics, International Journal of Modern Trends in Engineering and Research, International Journal of Modern Trends in Engineering and Research Volume 2, Issue 7, (2015), 2004-2010

[16] Rishi Parvanda, Abhishek Kumar, A Review: an Insight Approach for Optimization of Machining Parameters using Response Surface Methodology and Grey Relational Analysis, International Journal for Scientific Research & Development, Vol. 4, Issue 02, (2016)1618- 1621

[17] Abhishek Gaikwad, Amit Tiwari, Amit Kumar and Dhananjay Singh, Effect of EDM Parameters In Obtaining Maximum MRR and Minimum EWR by Machining Ss 316 Using Copper Electrode, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology, 5(6), June (2014), pp. 101-109.

[18] J.S.Uday Kumar, Dr. CLVRSV Prasad and K.Santa Rao, Simulation Studies of Impact of Electrode Geometry on Thermal Profiles In Micro EDM by Using CFX Tools. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology, 7(4), 2016, pp. 196–204.

[19] Mukesh Regmi, Anil Pol, Sachin Kulkarni, Multi Response Optimisation of Die Sinker EDM for Alsic Composite. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology, 7(3), 2016, pp. 63–77

[20] Chan WK and Tong TKL, Multi-criteria material selections and end-of-life product strategy: Grey relational analysis approach, Materials & Design, Volume 28, Issue 5, (2007), 1539-1546.

[21] Lin Z.C., Ho C.Y., Analysis and application of grey relation and ANOVA in chemical machining polishing process parameters, International Journal of advanced manufacturing technology, Volume 21, (2003), 564-572.

Indexing

Google Scholar

provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. From one place, you can search across many disciplines and sources: articles, thesis, books, abstracts and court opinions, from academic publishers, professional societies, online repositories, universities and other web sites.

PublicationsList.org

PublicationsList.org was set up to streamline this process with an easy to use web front end which any researcher can use to maintain their own, professional looking list of publications, which can be hosted on publicationslist.org, or embedded within a departmental web page. Links to full text preprints, or versions in open access repositories and journal websites can be included.

Docstoc

Docstoc is the premier online destination to start and grow small businesses. It hosts the best quality and widest selection of professional documents (over 20 million) and resources including expert videos, articles and productivity tools to make every small business better. Docstoc is among the top 500 most visited websites (quantcast) and has over 25 million registered users. It offers a vast collection of free resources and provides a monthly membership which unlocks its widest selection of premium content. Docstoc also provides the technology to help facilitate the sharing and promotion of documents across the web and has popularized the use of embedding documents throughout the blogosphere and mainstream media.

Academic Journals Database
AiritiLibrary
CALIS
ChaoXing Periodicals
Chemical Abstracts Service(CAS)
CiteFactor
CNKI SCHOLAR
Cnplinker
COPAC
CrossRef
DTU Findit
Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek(EZB)
GETIT@YALE(Yale University Library)
Harvard Library E-Journals
Infotrieve
i-Scholar
JournalSeek
JournalTOCs
National Science and Technology Library(NSTL)
National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences (NSLC)
Open Access Journals Search Engine(OAJSE)
Open Access Library
Open J-Gate
Research Bible

Aim and Scope:

      International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology (IJMET) is an international journal dedicated to the latest advancements in mechanical engineering. The goal of this journal is to provide a platform for scientists and academicians all over the world to promote, share, and discuss various new issues and developments in different areas of mechanical engineering.

      IJMET is an online and print journal, which publishes research articles, reviews, and letters in all areas of mechanical engineering. It is peer-reviewed journal, aims to provide the most complete and reliable source of information on current developments in the field. The emphasis will be on publishing quality papers rapidly and available to researchers worldwide.

No data Found

For Authors

Manuscripts should be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript through the online manuscript submission system. Submissions by anyone other than one of the authors will not be accepted.
Regardless of the source of the word-processing tool, only electronic PDF or MS-Word files can be submitted through the online submission system. If for some technical reason online submission is not successful, the author can submit the manuscript to editor@iaeme.com.

Paper title (14 Bold)- Capital Letter

First Author1, Second Author2 (13 Bold- Times New Roman)

1(Department, College/ University Name, Address, Country Name, Email) (12)

2(Department, College/ University Name, Address, Country Name, Email) (12)

ABSTRACT (12 Bold)

The abstract should summarize the content of the paper. Try to keep the abstract below 350 words. Do not make references nor display equations in the abstract. The journal will be printed from the same-sized copy prepared by you. Your manuscript should be printed on A4 paper (21.0 cm x 29.7 cm). It is imperative that the margins and style described below be adhered to carefully. This will enable us to keep uniformity in the final printed copies of the Journal. Please keep in mind that the manuscript you prepare will be photographed and printed as it is received. Readability of copy is of paramount importance.(12)

Keywords (12 Bold) : About five key words in alphabetical order, separated by comma (12)

I. INTRODUCTION (12 BOLD)

The introduction of the paper should explain the nature of the problem, previous work, purpose, and the contribution of the paper. The contents of each section may be provided to understand easily about the paper. (12)

II. HEADINGS (12 BOLD)

The headings and subheadings, starting with "1. Introduction", appear in upper and lower case letters and should be set in bold and aligned flush left. All headings from the Introduction to Acknowledgements are numbered sequentially using 1, 2, 3, etc. Subheadings are numbered 1.1, 1.2, etc. If a subsection must be further divided, the numbers 1.1.1, 1.1.2, etc.

The font size for heading is 12 points bold face and subsections with 12 points and not bold. Do not underline any of the headings, or add dashes, colons, etc. (12)

III. INDENTATIONS AND EQUATIONS(12 BOLD)

The first paragraph under each heading or subheading should be flush left, and subsequent paragraphs should have a five-space indentation. A colon is inserted before an equation is presented, but there is no punctuation following the equation. All equations are numbered and referred to in the text solely by a number enclosed in a round bracket (i.e., (3) reads as "equation 3"). Ensure that any miscellaneous numbering system you use in your paper cannot be confused with a reference [4] or an equation (3) designation. (12)

IV. FIGURES AND TABLES(12 BOLD)

To ensure a high-quality product, diagrams and lettering MUST be either computerdrafted or drawn using India ink.

Figure captions appear below the figure, are flush left, and are in lower case letters.When referring to a figure in the body of the text, the abbreviation "Fig." is used. Figures should be numbered in the order they appear in the text.

Table captions appear centered above the table in upper and lower case letters. When referring to a table in the text, no abbreviation is used and "Table" is capitalized. (12). Figures and tables should be included in the running text itself

V. CONCLUSION (12 BOLD)

A conclusion section must be included and should indicate clearly the advantages, limitations, and possible applications of the paper. Although a conclusion may review the main points of the paper, do not replicate the abstract as the conclusion. A conclusion might elaborate on the importance of the work or suggest applications and extentions. (12)

VI. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS(12 Bold)

An acknowledgement section may be presented after the conclusion, if desired.( 12)

REFERENCES (12 BOLD)

This heading is not assigned a number.

A reference list MUST be included using the following information as a guide. Only cited text references are included. Each reference is referred to in the text by a number enclosed in a square bracket (i.e., [3]). References must be numbered and ordered according to where they are first mentioned in the paper, NOT alphabetically.

Examples follow:

ournal Papers:

[1] M Ozaki, Y. Adachi, Y. Iwahori, and N. Ishii, Application of fuzzy theory to writer recognition of Chinese characters, International Journal of Modelling and Simulation, 18(2), 1998, 112-116. (12)

Books:

[2] R.E. Moore, Interval analysis (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1966). (12) Note that the title of the book is in lower case letters and italicized. There is no comma following the title. Place of publication and publisher are given.

Chapters in Books:

[3] P.O. Bishop, Neurophysiology of binocular vision, in J.Houseman (Ed.), Handbook of physiology, 4 (New York: Springer-Verlag, 1970) 342-366. (12) Note that the place of publication, publisher, and year of publication are enclosed in brackets. Editor of book is listed before book title.

Theses:

[4] D.S. Chan, Theory and implementation of multidimensional discrete systems for signal processing, doctoral diss., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 1978. (12)

Proceedings Papers:

[5] W.J. Book, Modelling design and control of flexible manipulator arms: A tutorial review, Proc. 29th IEEE Conf. on Decision and Control, San Francisco, CA, 1990, 500-506 (12)

Manuscripts not adhering to journal guidelines will be returned to authors without scientific evaluation. Submitted manuscripts adhering to journal guidelines are reviewed by the Editor-in-Chief or an Editor, who will assign them to reviewers. The review process is double blind. The Editor prepares a decision letter according to the comments of the reviewers, which is sent to the corresponding author. All non-reviewed manuscripts are sent back within 10 days and the decision letters of manuscripts are sent within 4 weeks.
Open Access authors retain the copyrights of their papers, and all open access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, CC BY (or the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License CC BY-NC), which allows users to (noncommercially) copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship.
The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, and so forth in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations.
While the advice and information in this journal are believed to be true and accurate on the date of its going to press, neither the authors, the editors, nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.
IAEME Publication is committed to maintaining high standards through a rigorous peer-review together with strict ethical policies. Any infringements of professional ethical codes, such as plagiarism, fraudulent use of data, bogus claims of authorship, should be taken very seriously by the editors with zero tolerance..
IAEME Publication follows the Code of Conduct of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), and follows the COPE Flowcharts for Resolving Cases of Suspected Misconduct.
Please find more general information for authors on the page: Information for Authors.

IAEME Publication Fees


IAEME Publication charges an Article Processing Charge (APC) once an article is accepted for publication. These charges cover the costs of turning a manuscript into a finished article, as well as the costs of hosting, distributing and promoting an article.

Article Processing Charges explained

We are committed to making the costs of publishing as clear as possible and so the charges for each journal are clearly displayed on each journal`s homepage.

When a manuscript is submitted, it passes through the many different departments at Hindawi to ensure the quality checks, peer review, production and promotion of articles is carried out in a timely manner and to a high standard:

✔ The Editorial Screening team, who perform initial technical and ethical checks

✔ The Editorial team, who help the journal`s Academic Editors manage the review process

✔ The Production team, who convert the manuscript to a professionally typeset article and well-structured file format

✔ The Proofing team, who coordinate the proofing process through Hindawi`s Online Proofing System (OPS)

✔ The Editorial Quality Assurance team, who perform a final check to ensure that the manuscript and its review process adhere to the journal`s guidelines and policies

✔ Our Marketing and Communication teams, who ensure your article receives the attention it deserves.

✔ The Technology team, who build and maintain our systems, and develop new systems

The work these teams do contribute to the requirement of an APC and is why the actual amount payable varies depending on the journal in which you wish to publish your article.

IAEME Publication does not request Article Submission Charges, also called Submission Fees. These are due at the time of submission of the manuscript. Nor does IAEME charge per page or for color figures or for any other items for which other publishers are known to charge.

Sources for Article Processing Charges (APC)

Authors of an article are responsible for arranging the payment of APC. Still, that typically does not mean that authors end up paying for the publication of the article. The cost of APC is very often assumed either by the organization funding the research published in the article, or by an Open Access Publishing Fund, or by the institution at which the author is employed.

Fair Dealing - Authors and Publisher

When an author submits a manuscript for review at one of IAEME`s journals, the submitted manuscript should not have been previously published in any form and must not be currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. The manuscript should also not be submitted to any other journal during the review process at IAEME Publication. In case the review process at IAEME takes much longer than stated and the author wishes to end the review process at IAEME, he/she should get in contact with the Editorial Assistant of the journal at IAEME and come to an agreement suitable for both sides after looking at the stage of the manuscript in the review process.

With the APC specified above, the author is given an indication what the APC will be. IAEME is charging Publication Fees (APC) but not Submission Fees. This is to the benefit to authors because payments are only due once the author knows the manuscript is accepted. IAEME with editors and reviewers puts much effort in dealing with the manuscript and expects the authors to stick to the common plan of publishing the paper which is linked to payments of APC as given above at the end of the review process. The author is not legally bound at this time, but it would be seen as a strong breach of academic conduct to back off from the publication process. Once the manuscript is accepted for publication, IAEME will issue an invoice in the Paper Submission and Manuscript Tracking System. This is IAEME `s legal offer and will state the regular APC of the journal. The Corresponding Author is expected to arrange payments of the amount stated at this time. In severe cases IAEME `s Complaints Procedure can be followed and the result of this should be binding to the author.

Refund Policy

Once an article has been accepted for publication, any Article Processing Charges on the article become due. The submitting author accepts responsibility for the Article Processing Charges, and will not issue refunds of any kind except those payments made by mistake or in excess of the amount required.

Create Account



Log In Your Account