NEURAL NETWORK BASED FACIAL IMAGE QUALITY ESTIMATION SYSTEM AND TRAINING ANALYSIS

Vikram Mutneja 1 ; Sarabjeet Singh 2 ; Satvir Singh 3
1 Associate Professor, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, Shaheed Bhagat Singh State University, Punjab, India.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Chandigarh College of Engineering and Technology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India.
3 Associate Professor, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, I.K. Gujral Punjab Technical University, Punjab, India.

Article Id - IJEET_12_06_006, Pages : 56-66

DOI: 10.34218/IJEET.12.6.2021.006   7 Downloads   23 Views   0 Citation
Google Scholar Link
Academia Link
Scopedatabase Link : https://scopedatabase.com/Document/document_search?title=NEURAL NETWORK BASED FACIAL IMAGE QUALITY ESTIMATION SYSTEM AND TRAINING ANALYSIS&type=1

Abstract

Face quality assessment has become a significant research area because of its importance in the task of face detection and recognition in unconstrained images from videos. In the surveillance video sequence, we get the imagery of people moving freely around the camera and, their face or head pose is generally not frontal and faces captured in videos may be of varying quality, it becomes important to discard the low quality faces and do the processing of high quality faces only. Seminal viola-jones method has been used to locate the facial landmarks. The error function computed as difference in location of measured landmarks and calculated landmarks has been used as the output of the neural network. The proposed method has been tested to give reliable quality estimation of the facial images. This work elaborates facial features extraction and quality estimation of extracted facial images. The details have been given regarding the facial features used for quality estimation of facial features, the output function used, and training of the neural network, which is used to generate the output face quality estimation score

Keywords

Neural Networks, Face Quality Estimation, Facial Features, Face Detection, Features Extraction, Neural Network Training

Share and Cite:

Vikram Mutneja, Sarabjeet Singh and Satvir Singh, Neural Network Based Facial Image Quality Estimation System and Training Analysis, International Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology (IJEET), 12(6), 2021, pp. 56-66 doi: 10.34218/IJEET.12.6.2021.006.

References

[1]    ISO/IEC: 19794-5. Information technology – biometrics – biometric data interchange formats – part 5: Face image data. Technical report, 2005.
[2]    Mohamed Abdel-Mottaleb and Mohammad H Mahoor. Application notes-algorithms for assessing the quality of facial images. IEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine, 2(2):10–17, 2007.
[3]    Soma Biswas, Gaurav Aggarwal, Patrick J Flynn, and Kevin W Bowyer. Pose-robust recognition of low-resolution face images. IEEE transactions on pattern analysis and machine intelligence, 35(12):3037–3049, 2013.
[4]    AD Egorov, AN Shtanko, and PE Minin. Selection of viola–jones algorithm parameters for specific conditions. Bulletin of the Lebedev Physics Institute, 42(8):244–248, 2015.
[5]    Xiufeng Gao, Stan Z Li, Rong Liu, and Peiren Zhang. Standardization of face image sample quality. In International Conference on Biometrics, pages 242–251. Springer, 2007.
[6]    Nicolas Gourier, Jérôme Maisonnasse, Daniela Hall, and James L Crowley. Head pose estimation on low resolution images. In International Evaluation Workshop on Classification of Events, Activities and Relationships, pages 270–280. Springer, 2006.
[7]    Mislav Grgic, Kresimir Delac, and Sonja Grgic. Scface–surveillance cameras face database. Multimedia tools and applications, 51(3):863–879, 2011.
[8]    Erik Hjelmås and Boon Kee Low. Face detection: A survey. Computer vision and image understanding, 83(3):236–274, 2001.
[9]    Taher Khadhraoui, Sami Ktata, Faouzi Benzarti, and Hamid Amiri. Features selection based on modified pso algorithm for 2d face recognition. In 2016 13th International Conference on Computer Graphics, Imaging and Visualization (CGiV), pages 99–104. IEEE, 2016.
[10]    Angelina Kharchevnikova and Andrey V Savchenko. Efficient video face recognition based on frame selection and quality assessment. PeerJ Computer Science, 7:e391, 2021.
[11]    Hyung-Il Kim, Seung Ho Lee, and Yong Man Ro. Face image assessment learned with objective and relative face image qualities for improved face recognition. In Image Processing (ICIP), 2015 IEEE International Conference on, pages 4027–4031. IEEE, 2015.
[12]    Pin Liao, Haixiang Lin, Pingping Zeng, Sixue Bai, Huimin Ma, and Siru Ding. Facial image quality assessment based on support vector machines. In Biomedical Engineering and Biotechnology (iCBEB), 2012 International Conference on, pages 810–813. IEEE, 2012.
[13]    Yongzhong Lu, Jingli Zhou, and Shengsheng Yu. A survey of face detection, extraction and recognition. Computing and informatics, 22(2):163–195, 2012.
[14]    Alexandre Paz Mena, Margarita Bachiller Mayoral, and Estela Díaz-Lópe. Comparative study of the features used by algorithms based on viola and jones face detection algorithm. In Bioinspired Computation in Artificial Systems, pages 175–183. Springer, 2015.
[15]    Erik Murphy-Chutorian and Mohan Manubhai Trivedi. Head pose estimation in computer vision: A survey. IEEE transactions on pattern analysis and machine intelligence, 31(4):607–626, 2009.
[16]    Vikram Mutneja and Satvir Singh. Modified viola–jones algorithm with gpu accelerated training and parallelized skin color filtering-based face detection. Journal of Real-Time Image Processing, pages 1–21.
[17]    Thi Hai Binh Nguyen, Van Huan Nguyen, and Hakil Kim. Combination of edge and color information for robust preprocessing in facial image quality assessment. In Systems Man and Cybernetics (SMC), 2010 IEEE International Conference on, pages 3594–3600. IEEE, 2010.
[18]    Shaily Pandey and Sandeep Sharma. An optimistic approach for implementing viola jones face detection algorithm in database system and in real time. In International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology, volume 4. ESRSA Publications, 2015.
[19]    Mrinalini Patil and SD Ruikar. Super-resolution of face image extracted from a video sequence. In Communications and Signal Processing (ICCSP), 2014 International Conference on, pages 1620–1624. IEEE, 2014.
[20]    P Jonathon Phillips, J Ross Beveridge, David S Bolme, Bruce A Draper, Geof H Givens, Yui Man Lui, Su Cheng, Mohammad Nayeem Teli, and Hao Zhang. On the existence of face quality measures. In Biometrics: Theory, Applications and Systems (BTAS), 2013 IEEE Sixth International Conference on, pages 1–8. IEEE, 2013.
[21]    P Jonathon Phillips, Hyeonjoon Moon, Syed A Rizvi, and Patrick J Rauss. The feret evaluation methodology for face-recognition algorithms. IEEE Transactions on pattern analysis and machine intelligence, 22(10):1090–1104, 2000.
[22]    P Jonathon Phillips, Harry Wechsler, Jeffery Huang, and Patrick J Rauss. The feret database and evaluation procedure for face-recognition algorithms. Image and vision computing, 16(5):295–306, 1998.
[23]    Andrey Ponomarev, Oleg Serebrennikov, Gleb Guglya, and Oleg Korotkevich. The use of artificial intelligence technologies to implement a multi-factor analysis of a student’s actions during an exam. In The International Scientific Conference eLearning and Software for Education, volume 2, pages 442–447. " Carol I" National Defence University, 2020.
[24]    Ramachandra Raghavendra, Kiran B Raja, Bian Yang, and Christoph Busch. Automatic face quality assessment from video using gray level co-occurrence matrix: an empirical study on automatic border control system. In Pattern Recognition (ICPR), 2014 22nd International Conference on, pages 438–443. IEEE, 2014.
[25]    Paul Viola and Michael J Jones. Robust real-time face detection. International journal of computer vision, 57(2):137–154, 2004.
[26]    Qihui Wang, Lijun Xie, Bo Zhu, Tingjun Yang, and Yao Zheng. Facial features extraction based on active shape model. Journal of Multimedia, 8(6):747–754, 2013.
[27]    Pankaj Wasnik, Kiran B Raja, Raghavendra Ramachandra, and Christoph Busch. Assessing face image quality for smartphone based face recognition system. In 2017 5th International Workshop on Biometrics and Forensics (IWBF), pages 1–6. IEEE, 2017.
[28]    Hao Wu, Ke Zhang, and Guohui Tian. Simultaneous face detection and pose estimation using convolutional neural network cascade. IEEE Access, 6:49563–49575, 2018.
[29]    Der-Wei Yang, Chun-Wei Chen, Che-hao Chang, Yun-Chen Chang, Ming-Der Shieh, Jiacheng Wang, and Chia-Cheng Lo. Face detection architecture design using hybrid skin color detection and cascade of classifiers. In Circuits and Systems (APCCAS), 2012 IEEE Asia Pacific Conference on, pages 543–546. IEEE, 2012.
[30]    Cha Zhang and Zhengyou Zhang. A survey of recent advances in face detection, 2010.
[31]    Lijun Zhang, Lin Zhang, and Lida Li. Illumination quality assessment for face images: A benchmark and a convolutional neural networks based model. In International Conference on Neural Information Processing, pages 583–593. Springer, 2017.
[32]    Jie Zhu and Zhiqian Chen. Real time face detection system using adaboost and haar-like features. In Information Science and Control Engineering (ICISCE), 2015 2nd International Conference on, pages 404–407. IEEE, 2015.
[33]    Essa A, Asari V. High order volumetric directional pattern for video-based face recognition. Mathematical Problems in Engineering. 2019 Jan 1;2019.
[34]    Dutta K, Bhattacharjee D, Nasipuri M, Poddar A. 3D face recognition based on volumetric representation of range image. InAdvanced Computing and Systems for Security 2019 (pp. 175-189). Springer, Singapore.
[35]    Ramzan M, Khan HU, Awan SM, Ismail A, Ilyas M, Mahmood A. A survey on state-of-the-art drowsiness detection techniques. IEEE Access. 2019 May 1;7:61904-19.
[36]    Jabbar R, Shinoy M, Kharbeche M, Al-Khalifa K, Krichen M, Barkaoui K. Driver drowsiness detection model using convolutional neural networks techniques for android application. In2020 IEEE International Conference on Informatics, IoT, and Enabling Technologies (ICIoT) 2020 Feb 2 (pp. 237-242). IEEE.
[37]    Moujahid A, Dornaika F, Arganda-Carreras I, Reta J. Efficient and compact face descriptor for driver drowsiness detection. Expert Systems with Applications. 2021 Apr 15;168:114334.
[38]    You F, Gong Y, Tu H, Liang J, Wang H. A fatigue driving detection algorithm based on facial motion information entropy. Journal of advanced transportation. 2020 Jun 15;2020.
 

Indexing

SCOPE DATABASE

International Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology (IJEET) is indexed in Scope Database from 2010 to 2021

Please click the following link to see thescreenshot

Web of Science (Clarivate Analytics)

Total citation of 31 from IJEET Journal published from 2010 to 2021

Please click the following link to see thescreenshot

Scopus

Total citation of 38 from IJEET Journal published from 2010 to 2021

Please click the following link to see thescreenshot

Google Scholar

Total citation of 1226 from IJEET Journal published from 2010 to 2021

University of Barcelona - MIAR - Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (IJEET) is indexed in MAIR from 2021

Please click the following link to see thescreenshot


Scope Database Source Link: https://scopedatabase.com/Sourceid/00000003


MIAR - Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals: http://miar.ub.edu/issn/0976-6545


Our IAEME Publication journals are indexed in various indexing search engines

Aim and Scope:

      INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY(IJEET) is a peer-reviewed, Online and Print journal published by IAEME Publication.

      The International Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology is an international scholarly journal which publishes original research findings in power generation, transmission and conversion, electrical machinery, control theory and industrial controls, robotics, electrical transportation equipment, insulation, solar energy, high-power semiconductors, as well as economic and environmental aspects of energy production and distribution.

Chief Editor

Dr. P. Sanjeevikumar - Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark


Managing Editor

Dr. T Ananthapadmanabha - Principal, NIE Institute of Technology, Mysuru, India

Dr. Mohamed I. El-sayed - Faculty of Engineering (Grails), Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt


Editorial Board

Dr. S.Sankar - Panimalar Institute of Technology, India

Dr. Anshul Agarwa - National Institute of Technology Hamirpur, India

Dr. M V Raghavendra - Adama Science & Technology University, Ethiopia

Dr. Javed Khan Bhutto - Marudhar Engineering College, India

Dr. V. Balaji - Lord Ayyappa Institute of Engineering and Technology, India

Dr. C. Subramani - SRM University, India

Dr. R. Dhanasekaran - Syed Ammal Engineering College, Tamilnadu, India

Dr. N M Lokhande - K J College Of Engg and Management Research, Pune, India

Dr. A.Senthil Kumar - Velammal Engineering College, Chennai, India

Dr. Naushad Alam - Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh, India

Dr. Aldona Kuśmińska-Fijałkowska - Kazimierz Pulaski University of Technology and Humanities, Poland

Dr. SM Shashidhar - Proudhadevaraya Institute of Technology, Ballari, Karnataka, India

Dr. K. Swarnasri - R. V. R. & J. C. College of Engineering, India

Dr. Waldemar Nowakowski - Kazimierz Pulaski University of Technology and Humanities, Poland

Dr. Jacek Kozyra - Kazimierz Pulaski University of Technology and Humanities, Poland

Dr. D. Obulesu - Vemu Institute of Technology, Andhrapradesh, India

Dr. Selvarasu Ranganathan - Sree Vidyanikethan Engineering College, Tirupathi, India

Dr. Mourad Hebali - University Mustafa Stmboli, Algeria

Dr. C.Govindaraju - Government College of Engineering, Tamilnadu, India

Dr. Puttamadappa C - Dayananda Sagar University, Bangalore, India

Dr. M.G.Siddh - Gujarat Technological University Gujarat, India

Dr. P.C.Panda - KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, India

Dr. Afaf Ahmed Abed - Al Furat Al Awsat Technical University, Kufa, Iraq

Dr. M. RathinaKumar - Sri Chandrasekharendra Saraswathi Viswa Mahavidyalaya University, Tamilnadu, India

Dr. Sheeraz Kirmani - Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India

Dr. L.S.Nasrat - Aswan University, Aswan, Egypt

Dr. V. N. Gohokar - Marathawada Mitramandal College of Engineering, Pune, India

Dr. V.C. Veera Reddy - S.V.U. College of Engineering, Tirupati, India

Dr. D. Bhagwan Das - Dayalbagh Educational Institute (Deemed University), Agra, India

Dr. P.S.Subramanyam - Vignana Bharathi Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, India

Dr. R. Alkama - University of Bejaia, Algeria

Dr. T. Nageswara Prasad - S.V.U. College of Engineering, Tirupati, India

Dr. E.Maheswari - Sri Sairam Institute of Technology, Chennai, India

Dr. Ganga Agnihotri - MANIT Bhopal, India

Dr. M. Surya Kalavathi - JNTU College of Engineering, Hyderabad, India

Dr. Subir Datta - Mizoram University, Mizoram, India

Dr. Sanjay Lakshminarayanan - M S Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bangalore-India

Dr. H. Mellah - Sétif 1University, Sétif, Algeria

Dr. Sumita Deb - Tripura University, Tripura, India

Dr. C.K.Panigrahi - KIIT University, Odisha, India

Dr. A. Selwin Mich Priyadharson - Vel Tech Rangarajan Dr. Sagunthala R&D Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, India

Dr. S.S.Sivaraju - RVS College of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, India

Dr. V.Ranganayaki - Dr.N.G.P Institute of Technology, Tamilnadu, India

Dr. M.Rajmal Joshi - Panimalar Engineering College, Tamilnadu, India

Dr. Navid Razmjooy - Tafresh University, Iran

Dr. P. Selvaraj - S V Engineering College, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India

Dr. Jesús M. Blanco - University of the Basque Country, Spain

Dr. Zhen Fang - Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Dr. Herbert H. C. Iu - The University of Western Australia, Australia

Dr. Marc A. Rosen - University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Canada

Dr. Federico Scarpa - University of Genoa, Italy

Dr. V. V. Karthikeyan - Karpagam College of Engineering, India

Dr. Russell Binions - University of London, UK

Dr. Roulet Claude-Alain - Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Switzerland

Dr. Massimo Corcione - University of Rome, Italy

Dr. Zainuddin Abdul Manan - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia

Dr. Randy W. Mann - Global Foundries, USA

Dr. Nikos Sakkas - Technological and Educational Institute of Crete, Greece

Dr. Shaik Rafi Kiran - Sree Vidyanikethan Engineering College, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India

Dr. Rajesh Agarwal - Assistant Professor, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, SRM IST, Chennai, India.

Dr. A.N. Jha - Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India

Prof. Joydeep Bhattacharyya - Senior Technical Leader and Architect at Data Center Group, Intel Corporation, San Jose, USA

Dr. S. Jaganathan - Professor and Head, Department of EEE, Dr.N.G.P. Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India

Dr. Ravindran Mariappan - Associate Professor (SG), Electrical and Electronics Engineering Department, National Engineering College, Kovilpatti, Tamilnadu, India

Prof. Uma Govindarajan - Professor & Head of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Department, College of Engineering Guindy, Anna University, Tamil Nadu, India

Prof. Vijayalakshmi Vivekananda - Pondicherry Engineering College (PEC), Pondicherry, India

Dr. Mohd Aliff Afira Bin Hj. Sani - Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Malaysian Institute of Industrial Technology, Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Dr. Mohd Aliff Afira Bin Hj. Sani - Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Malaysian Institute of Industrial Technology, Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Dr. G. Emayavaramban - Assistant Professor, Karpagam Academy of Higher Education, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu,India

Dr. R.Neela - Professor of Electrical Engineering, Annamalai University, Tamilnadu, India.

Prof. L. Premalatha - Department of Electrical Engineering, VIT University, Chennai, India

Dr. MaruthuPandi Perumal - Assistant Professor, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Govt. College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India

Prof. Jialin Chen - Electrical Engineering, State Grid Hubei Information & Telecommunication Co. Ltd., Hongshan, Wuhan,China.

Dr. Belwin Edward Jeyaraj - Associate Professor, School of Electrical Engineering ,Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT), Vellore, Tamilnadu, India

Prof. Balakrishnan Pappan - Associate Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering, Malla Reddy Engineering College for Women, Maisammaguda, Telangana, India

Dr. S. Sophia - Professor and Head, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Sri Krishna College of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India


Reviewer Board

Dr. J.B. Seventiline - Professor and Assistant Principal of GITAM Institute of Technology under GITAM, Gandhi Nagar, Rushikonda, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh 530045.

Dr. Umapathi Reddy P - Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering, Sree Vidyanikethan Engineering College, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India

Dr. Kiranmayi R - Professor & Head of Department, Department of Electrical Engineering, JNTUA, Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, India


For Authors

Manuscripts should be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript through the online manuscript submission system. Submissions by anyone other than one of the authors will not be accepted.
Regardless of the source of the word-processing tool, only electronic PDF or MS-Word files can be submitted through the online submission system. If for some technical reason online submission is not successful, the author can submit the manuscript to editor@iaeme.com.

Paper title (14 Bold)- Capital Letter

First Author1, Second Author2 (13 Bold- Times New Roman)

1(Department, College/ University Name, Address, Country Name, Email) (12)

2(Department, College/ University Name, Address, Country Name, Email) (12)

ABSTRACT (12 Bold)

The abstract should summarize the content of the paper. Try to keep the abstract below 350 words. Do not make references nor display equations in the abstract. The journal will be printed from the same-sized copy prepared by you. Your manuscript should be printed on A4 paper (21.0 cm x 29.7 cm). It is imperative that the margins and style described below be adhered to carefully. This will enable us to keep uniformity in the final printed copies of the Journal. Please keep in mind that the manuscript you prepare will be photographed and printed as it is received. Readability of copy is of paramount importance.(12)

Keywords (12 Bold) : About five key words in alphabetical order, separated by comma (12)

I. INTRODUCTION (12 BOLD)

The introduction of the paper should explain the nature of the problem, previous work, purpose, and the contribution of the paper. The contents of each section may be provided to understand easily about the paper. (12)

II. HEADINGS (12 BOLD)

The headings and subheadings, starting with "1. Introduction", appear in upper and lower case letters and should be set in bold and aligned flush left. All headings from the Introduction to Acknowledgements are numbered sequentially using 1, 2, 3, etc. Subheadings are numbered 1.1, 1.2, etc. If a subsection must be further divided, the numbers 1.1.1, 1.1.2, etc.

The font size for heading is 12 points bold face and subsections with 12 points and not bold. Do not underline any of the headings, or add dashes, colons, etc. (12)

III. INDENTATIONS AND EQUATIONS(12 BOLD)

The first paragraph under each heading or subheading should be flush left, and subsequent paragraphs should have a five-space indentation. A colon is inserted before an equation is presented, but there is no punctuation following the equation. All equations are numbered and referred to in the text solely by a number enclosed in a round bracket (i.e., (3) reads as "equation 3"). Ensure that any miscellaneous numbering system you use in your paper cannot be confused with a reference [4] or an equation (3) designation. (12)

IV. FIGURES AND TABLES(12 BOLD)

To ensure a high-quality product, diagrams and lettering MUST be either computerdrafted or drawn using India ink.

Figure captions appear below the figure, are flush left, and are in lower case letters.When referring to a figure in the body of the text, the abbreviation "Fig." is used. Figures should be numbered in the order they appear in the text.

Table captions appear centered above the table in upper and lower case letters. When referring to a table in the text, no abbreviation is used and "Table" is capitalized. (12). Figures and tables should be included in the running text itself

V. CONCLUSION (12 BOLD)

A conclusion section must be included and should indicate clearly the advantages, limitations, and possible applications of the paper. Although a conclusion may review the main points of the paper, do not replicate the abstract as the conclusion. A conclusion might elaborate on the importance of the work or suggest applications and extentions. (12)

VI. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS(12 Bold)

An acknowledgement section may be presented after the conclusion, if desired.( 12)

REFERENCES (12 BOLD)

This heading is not assigned a number.

A reference list MUST be included using the following information as a guide. Only cited text references are included. Each reference is referred to in the text by a number enclosed in a square bracket (i.e., [3]). References must be numbered and ordered according to where they are first mentioned in the paper, NOT alphabetically.

Examples follow:

ournal Papers:

[1] M Ozaki, Y. Adachi, Y. Iwahori, and N. Ishii, Application of fuzzy theory to writer recognition of Chinese characters, International Journal of Modelling and Simulation, 18(2), 1998, 112-116. (12)

Books:

[2] R.E. Moore, Interval analysis (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1966). (12) Note that the title of the book is in lower case letters and italicized. There is no comma following the title. Place of publication and publisher are given.

Chapters in Books:

[3] P.O. Bishop, Neurophysiology of binocular vision, in J.Houseman (Ed.), Handbook of physiology, 4 (New York: Springer-Verlag, 1970) 342-366. (12) Note that the place of publication, publisher, and year of publication are enclosed in brackets. Editor of book is listed before book title.

Theses:

[4] D.S. Chan, Theory and implementation of multidimensional discrete systems for signal processing, doctoral diss., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 1978. (12)

Proceedings Papers:

[5] W.J. Book, Modelling design and control of flexible manipulator arms: A tutorial review, Proc. 29th IEEE Conf. on Decision and Control, San Francisco, CA, 1990, 500-506 (12)

Manuscripts not adhering to journal guidelines will be returned to authors without scientific evaluation. Submitted manuscripts adhering to journal guidelines are reviewed by the Editor-in-Chief or an Editor, who will assign them to reviewers. The review process is double blind. The Editor prepares a decision letter according to the comments of the reviewers, which is sent to the corresponding author. All non-reviewed manuscripts are sent back within 10 days and the decision letters of manuscripts are sent within 4 weeks.
Open Access authors retain the copyrights of their papers, and all open access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, CC BY (or the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License CC BY-NC), which allows users to (noncommercially) copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship.
The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, and so forth in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations.
While the advice and information in this journal are believed to be true and accurate on the date of its going to press, neither the authors, the editors, nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.
IAEME Publication is committed to maintaining high standards through a rigorous peer-review together with strict ethical policies. Any infringements of professional ethical codes, such as plagiarism, fraudulent use of data, bogus claims of authorship, should be taken very seriously by the editors with zero tolerance..
IAEME Publication follows the Code of Conduct of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), and follows the COPE Flowcharts for Resolving Cases of Suspected Misconduct.
Please find more general information for authors on the page: Information for Authors.

IAEME Publication Fees


IAEME Publication charges an Article Processing Charge (APC) once an article is accepted for publication. These charges cover the costs of turning a manuscript into a finished article, as well as the costs of hosting, distributing and promoting an article.

Article Processing Charges explained

We are committed to making the costs of publishing as clear as possible and so the charges for each journal are clearly displayed on each journal`s homepage.

When a manuscript is submitted, it passes through the many different departments at Hindawi to ensure the quality checks, peer review, production and promotion of articles is carried out in a timely manner and to a high standard:

✔ The Editorial Screening team, who perform initial technical and ethical checks

✔ The Editorial team, who help the journal`s Academic Editors manage the review process

✔ The Production team, who convert the manuscript to a professionally typeset article and well-structured file format

✔ The Proofing team, who coordinate the proofing process through Hindawi`s Online Proofing System (OPS)

✔ The Editorial Quality Assurance team, who perform a final check to ensure that the manuscript and its review process adhere to the journal`s guidelines and policies

✔ Our Marketing and Communication teams, who ensure your article receives the attention it deserves.

✔ The Technology team, who build and maintain our systems, and develop new systems

The work these teams do contribute to the requirement of an APC and is why the actual amount payable varies depending on the journal in which you wish to publish your article.

IAEME Publication does not request Article Submission Charges, also called Submission Fees. These are due at the time of submission of the manuscript. Nor does IAEME charge per page or for color figures or for any other items for which other publishers are known to charge.

Sources for Article Processing Charges (APC)

Authors of an article are responsible for arranging the payment of APC. Still, that typically does not mean that authors end up paying for the publication of the article. The cost of APC is very often assumed either by the organization funding the research published in the article, or by an Open Access Publishing Fund, or by the institution at which the author is employed.

Fair Dealing - Authors and Publisher

When an author submits a manuscript for review at one of IAEME`s journals, the submitted manuscript should not have been previously published in any form and must not be currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. The manuscript should also not be submitted to any other journal during the review process at IAEME Publication. In case the review process at IAEME takes much longer than stated and the author wishes to end the review process at IAEME, he/she should get in contact with the Editorial Assistant of the journal at IAEME and come to an agreement suitable for both sides after looking at the stage of the manuscript in the review process.

With the APC specified above, the author is given an indication what the APC will be. IAEME is charging Publication Fees (APC) but not Submission Fees. This is to the benefit to authors because payments are only due once the author knows the manuscript is accepted. IAEME with editors and reviewers puts much effort in dealing with the manuscript and expects the authors to stick to the common plan of publishing the paper which is linked to payments of APC as given above at the end of the review process. The author is not legally bound at this time, but it would be seen as a strong breach of academic conduct to back off from the publication process. Once the manuscript is accepted for publication, IAEME will issue an invoice in the Paper Submission and Manuscript Tracking System. This is IAEME `s legal offer and will state the regular APC of the journal. The Corresponding Author is expected to arrange payments of the amount stated at this time. In severe cases IAEME `s Complaints Procedure can be followed and the result of this should be binding to the author.

Refund Policy

Once an article has been accepted for publication, any Article Processing Charges on the article become due. The submitting author accepts responsibility for the Article Processing Charges, and will not issue refunds of any kind except those payments made by mistake or in excess of the amount required.

  • Electrical Machines
  • Instrumentation and control
  • Power Electronics
  • High Voltage Apparatuses

IJEET Journal Stats

Publication years 2010-2021
Publication count 1083
Total Volumes 12
Total Issues 73
Citation count 2357
h-index 21
i5-index 104
Impact Factor 3.07
Downloads 147850
Views 214347
Downloads/article 136.52
Citations/article 2.18

Journal Statistics

Citation Analysis

scopedatabase.com
Scopus Source Link
Google Scholar
Academia.edu
Research Bible
SSRN.com
Mendeley
Publicationslist.org
Scilit.net
Publons
Jifactor.com
ResearchGate
Microsoft Academic
Scinapse
Semanticscholar.org
Dimensions
Web of Science
University of Barcelona- MAIR - Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals


Related Journals


Create Account



Log In Your Account