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Aim and Scope
    International Journal of Research In Mechanical Engineering (IJRME)
is a refereed international Journal to be of interest and use to all those concerned with research in various fields of, or closely related to mechanical engineering disciplines. The International Journal's main objective is to publish original researches, short communications as well as literature reviews in the all areas of mechanical engineering. All accepted articles are published in full text on the Internet.

Chief Editor

Prof. Antonio Viviani - Aerospace Propulsion and Reacting Flows Unit, Seconda Universita di Napoli (DIAM), Roma, Aversa, Italy

Managing Editor

Dr. Karan LCS - IASTER, India

Copy Editor

Mr. D. Sankar - IASTER, India

Editorial Board

Dr. Waleed Khalil Ahmed - United Arab Emirates University, Al Muwaiji - Al Ain, U.A.E.

Dr. Ahmed Farouk Elsafty - College of Engg & Technology, American University of the Middle East, Kuwait

Dr. Bharat Raj Singh - CV Raman Centre for Research & Innovation, Lucknow, India.

Dr. Chandrashekhar N. Sakhale - Priyadarshini College of Engineering, Nagpur, India.

Dr. T.B. Pankhania - Birla Vishwakarma Mahavidyalaya, Anand, Gujarat, India.

Dr. M. Chithirai Pon Selvan - School of Engg & IT, Manipal University-Dubai, UAE

Dr. Rajeshkumar Sambhe - Jawaharlal Darda Institute of Engineering. & Technology, Yavatmal, Maharashtra, India.

Dr. Mohammad Shakir Nasif - Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Malaysia

Dr. Saad A. El-Sayed - Zagazig University, Alsharkia, Egypt

Dr. Badhai Lonia - Continental Institute of Engineering. & Technology, Jalvehra, Punjab, India

Dr. K.S. Zakiuddin - Priyadarshini College of Engineering, Nagpur, India

Dr. Hosni I. Abu-Mulaweh - Purdue University, Fort Wayne, USA

Dr. V. Sugumaran - School of Mechanical & Building Sciences, VIT University, Chennai, India

Dr. Filippo De Carlo - Design of Manufacturing System, University of Florence, Italy

Dr. Talal K. Kassem - Taif University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Dr. Ramtin Sheikhhassani - University of Southern California, CA, USA

Dr. Praveen Nair - Propulsion Research Group, Indian Space Research Organization, Trivandrum, India

Dr. Mahesh Krishnamoorthy - Bioconnect Systems Inc, Ambler, PA, USA

Dr. Gautam Sutradar - Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India.

Dr. John M. George - Bishop Jerome Institute, Kollam, Kerala, India.

Dr. S. Gajanana - MVSR Engineering College, Hyderabad, India.

Dr. Dnyaneswar M Mate - DY Patil Institute of Technology, Ambi, Pune, India

Dr. Yan Yunhui - North Eastern University, Liaoning Province, Shenyang, China.

Dr. Ali I Al-Mosawi - Technical Institute of Babylon, Machines & Equipments Department, Iraq.

Dr. Naseer Abboodi Madlool - Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Malaya, Malaysia

Dr. Xi Cheng - Stanford University, Stanford, U.S.A.

Dr. Ashok G. Matani - Govt College of Engineering, Amaravati, Maharashtra, India

Dr. Kishor Kumar Sadasivuni - Qatar University, Doha, Qatar

Prof. Rahul Davis - S.H. Institute of Agriculture, Technology & Science - Allahabad, India

Dr. Ratan Kumar Jain - I.T.M. University, Gwalior, India.

Dr. Hari Prasad - Sri Vidyanikethan Engineering College, Tirupati, India.

Dr. Ashok Kumar Sharma - Yagyavalkya Institute of Technology, Jaipur, India

Dr. Manish Pasarkar - Sandip Institute of Engineering & Management, Nashik, MS, India

Reviewer Board

Mr. Atishey Mittal - SRM University, NCR Campus, Modinagar, New Delhi

Mr. Ayyappan - Sri Subramanya College of Engg. & Technology, Palani, TN, India

Mr. Dhanakonda Gopinath - Chaitanya Bharathi Institute of Tech., Hyderabad, India

Mr. Dheeraj Nimawat - Rajasthan Technical University, Kota, Rajasthan, India

Mr. Dinesh M - SVS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, India

Dr. Ganesh Soni - Atlas Copco India, Pune, India

Dr. Kishore Waghulde - J.T. Mahajan College of Engineering, Faizpur, India

Dr. Ravi Kumar Goyal - Jaipur Institute of Technology, Rajasthan, India

Dr. V. Vijendra Kumar - Jyothishmathi Instt of Techn. Sci., W. Godavari, AP, India

Dr. Xi Cheng - Standford University, Stanford, USA

Mr. Gajanana S - MVSR Engineering College, Saroornagar, AP, India

Mr. Javed Khan Bhutto - Marudhar Engineering College, Jaipur, India

Mr. Krupal Prabhakar Pawar - Shradchandra Pawar College of Engineering, Otur, MS, India

Mr. Mahendran G - IFET College of Engineering, Viluppuram, Tamil Nadu, India

Mr. Meyyappan Venkatesan - Mekelle University, Ethiopia

Mr. Niraj R Shingala - V V P Engineering College, Rajkot, India

Prof. Poonam G Shukla - Priyadarshini Institute of Engineering & Technology, Bhopal, India

Mr. Rahul Ratnakar Kulkarni - Caymet’s Siddhant College of Engg., Pune, India

Mr. Rajashekar Matpathi - Bheemanna Khandre Institute of Technology, Bhalki, Karnataka, India

Mr. Rajdipsinh G Vaghela - Atmiya Institute of Technology & Science, Rajkot, Indiav

Mr. Rathour Anilkumar Nandram - C U Shah College of Engg & Tech., Gujarat, India

Mr. Sayantan Mukherjee - St. Marry’s Technical Campus, Kolkata, India

Mr. Senthilraja V - Jay Shriram Group of Institutions, Tiruppur, TN, India

Mr. Shiv Kumar Sharma - Amity University, Jaipur, India

Mr. Talal Kassem - College of Engineering, Taif University, Saudi Arabia

Mr. Tara Sasanka Cherukuri - RVR & JC College of Engineering, Guntur, AP, India

Mr. Vimalkumar A Patel - Government Engg. College, Bharuch, Gujarat, India

Mr. Zakiuddin K.S - Priyadarshini College of Engineering, Nagpur, India

For Authors

Manuscripts should be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript through the online manuscript submission system. Submissions by anyone other than one of the authors will not be accepted.
Regardless of the source of the word-processing tool, only electronic PDF or MS-Word files can be submitted through the online submission system. If for some technical reason online submission is not successful, the author can submit the manuscript to

Paper title (14 Bold)- Capital Letter

First Author1, Second Author2 (13 Bold- Times New Roman)

1(Department, College/ University Name, Address, Country Name, Email) (12)

2(Department, College/ University Name, Address, Country Name, Email) (12)

ABSTRACT (12 Bold)

The abstract should summarize the content of the paper. Try to keep the abstract below 350 words. Do not make references nor display equations in the abstract. The journal will be printed from the same-sized copy prepared by you. Your manuscript should be printed on A4 paper (21.0 cm x 29.7 cm). It is imperative that the margins and style described below be adhered to carefully. This will enable us to keep uniformity in the final printed copies of the Journal. Please keep in mind that the manuscript you prepare will be photographed and printed as it is received. Readability of copy is of paramount importance.(12)

Keywords (12 Bold) : About five key words in alphabetical order, separated by comma (12)


The introduction of the paper should explain the nature of the problem, previous work, purpose, and the contribution of the paper. The contents of each section may be provided to understand easily about the paper. (12)


The headings and subheadings, starting with "1. Introduction", appear in upper and lower case letters and should be set in bold and aligned flush left. All headings from the Introduction to Acknowledgements are numbered sequentially using 1, 2, 3, etc. Subheadings are numbered 1.1, 1.2, etc. If a subsection must be further divided, the numbers 1.1.1, 1.1.2, etc.

The font size for heading is 12 points bold face and subsections with 12 points and not bold. Do not underline any of the headings, or add dashes, colons, etc. (12)


The first paragraph under each heading or subheading should be flush left, and subsequent paragraphs should have a five-space indentation. A colon is inserted before an equation is presented, but there is no punctuation following the equation. All equations are numbered and referred to in the text solely by a number enclosed in a round bracket (i.e., (3) reads as "equation 3"). Ensure that any miscellaneous numbering system you use in your paper cannot be confused with a reference [4] or an equation (3) designation. (12)


To ensure a high-quality product, diagrams and lettering MUST be either computerdrafted or drawn using India ink.

Figure captions appear below the figure, are flush left, and are in lower case letters.When referring to a figure in the body of the text, the abbreviation "Fig." is used. Figures should be numbered in the order they appear in the text.

Table captions appear centered above the table in upper and lower case letters. When referring to a table in the text, no abbreviation is used and "Table" is capitalized. (12). Figures and tables should be included in the running text itself


A conclusion section must be included and should indicate clearly the advantages, limitations, and possible applications of the paper. Although a conclusion may review the main points of the paper, do not replicate the abstract as the conclusion. A conclusion might elaborate on the importance of the work or suggest applications and extentions. (12)


An acknowledgement section may be presented after the conclusion, if desired.( 12)


This heading is not assigned a number.

A reference list MUST be included using the following information as a guide. Only cited text references are included. Each reference is referred to in the text by a number enclosed in a square bracket (i.e., [3]). References must be numbered and ordered according to where they are first mentioned in the paper, NOT alphabetically.

Examples follow:

ournal Papers:

[1] M Ozaki, Y. Adachi, Y. Iwahori, and N. Ishii, Application of fuzzy theory to writer recognition of Chinese characters, International Journal of Modelling and Simulation, 18(2), 1998, 112-116. (12)


[2] R.E. Moore, Interval analysis (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1966). (12) Note that the title of the book is in lower case letters and italicized. There is no comma following the title. Place of publication and publisher are given.

Chapters in Books:

[3] P.O. Bishop, Neurophysiology of binocular vision, in J.Houseman (Ed.), Handbook of physiology, 4 (New York: Springer-Verlag, 1970) 342-366. (12) Note that the place of publication, publisher, and year of publication are enclosed in brackets. Editor of book is listed before book title.


[4] D.S. Chan, Theory and implementation of multidimensional discrete systems for signal processing, doctoral diss., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 1978. (12)

Proceedings Papers:

[5] W.J. Book, Modelling design and control of flexible manipulator arms: A tutorial review, Proc. 29th IEEE Conf. on Decision and Control, San Francisco, CA, 1990, 500-506 (12)

Manuscripts not adhering to journal guidelines will be returned to authors without scientific evaluation. Submitted manuscripts adhering to journal guidelines are reviewed by the Editor-in-Chief or an Editor, who will assign them to reviewers. The review process is double blind. The Editor prepares a decision letter according to the comments of the reviewers, which is sent to the corresponding author. All non-reviewed manuscripts are sent back within 10 days and the decision letters of manuscripts are sent within 4 weeks.
Open Access authors retain the copyrights of their papers, and all open access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, CC BY (or the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License CC BY-NC), which allows users to (noncommercially) copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship.
The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, and so forth in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations.
While the advice and information in this journal are believed to be true and accurate on the date of its going to press, neither the authors, the editors, nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.
IAEME Publication is committed to maintaining high standards through a rigorous peer-review together with strict ethical policies. Any infringements of professional ethical codes, such as plagiarism, fraudulent use of data, bogus claims of authorship, should be taken very seriously by the editors with zero tolerance..
IAEME Publication follows the Code of Conduct of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), and follows the COPE Flowcharts for Resolving Cases of Suspected Misconduct.
Please find more general information for authors on the page: Information for Authors.

IAEME Publication Fees

IAEME Publication charges an Article Processing Charge (APC) once an article is accepted for publication. These charges cover the costs of turning a manuscript into a finished article, as well as the costs of hosting, distributing and promoting an article.

Article Processing Charges explained

We are committed to making the costs of publishing as clear as possible and so the charges for each journal are clearly displayed on each journal`s homepage.

When a manuscript is submitted, it passes through the many different departments at Hindawi to ensure the quality checks, peer review, production and promotion of articles is carried out in a timely manner and to a high standard:

✔ The Editorial Screening team, who perform initial technical and ethical checks

✔ The Editorial team, who help the journal`s Academic Editors manage the review process

✔ The Production team, who convert the manuscript to a professionally typeset article and well-structured file format

✔ The Proofing team, who coordinate the proofing process through Hindawi`s Online Proofing System (OPS)

✔ The Editorial Quality Assurance team, who perform a final check to ensure that the manuscript and its review process adhere to the journal`s guidelines and policies

✔ Our Marketing and Communication teams, who ensure your article receives the attention it deserves.

✔ The Technology team, who build and maintain our systems, and develop new systems

The work these teams do contribute to the requirement of an APC and is why the actual amount payable varies depending on the journal in which you wish to publish your article.

IAEME Publication does not request Article Submission Charges, also called Submission Fees. These are due at the time of submission of the manuscript. Nor does IAEME charge per page or for color figures or for any other items for which other publishers are known to charge.

Sources for Article Processing Charges (APC)

Authors of an article are responsible for arranging the payment of APC. Still, that typically does not mean that authors end up paying for the publication of the article. The cost of APC is very often assumed either by the organization funding the research published in the article, or by an Open Access Publishing Fund, or by the institution at which the author is employed.

Fair Dealing - Authors and Publisher

When an author submits a manuscript for review at one of IAEME`s journals, the submitted manuscript should not have been previously published in any form and must not be currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. The manuscript should also not be submitted to any other journal during the review process at IAEME Publication. In case the review process at IAEME takes much longer than stated and the author wishes to end the review process at IAEME, he/she should get in contact with the Editorial Assistant of the journal at IAEME and come to an agreement suitable for both sides after looking at the stage of the manuscript in the review process.

With the APC specified above, the author is given an indication what the APC will be. IAEME is charging Publication Fees (APC) but not Submission Fees. This is to the benefit to authors because payments are only due once the author knows the manuscript is accepted. IAEME with editors and reviewers puts much effort in dealing with the manuscript and expects the authors to stick to the common plan of publishing the paper which is linked to payments of APC as given above at the end of the review process. The author is not legally bound at this time, but it would be seen as a strong breach of academic conduct to back off from the publication process. Once the manuscript is accepted for publication, IAEME will issue an invoice in the Paper Submission and Manuscript Tracking System. This is IAEME `s legal offer and will state the regular APC of the journal. The Corresponding Author is expected to arrange payments of the amount stated at this time. In severe cases IAEME `s Complaints Procedure can be followed and the result of this should be binding to the author.

Refund Policy

Once an article has been accepted for publication, any Article Processing Charges on the article become due. The submitting author accepts responsibility for the Article Processing Charges, and will not issue refunds of any kind except those payments made by mistake or in excess of the amount required.

Subject Area
The topics to be covered by this journal include but are not limited to the following fields:
• Aeronautical Engineering
• Composite Materials
• Fluid Mechanics
• Heat Transfer
• Industrial Engineering
• Machine Design
• Manufacturing Processes
• Marine Engineering
• Materials Engineering
• Mechanical Maintenance
• Metallurgy
• Operational Research
• Petroleum & Mineral Resource Engineering
• Production Engineering
• Quality Control
• Refrigeration & Air Conditioning
• Renewable Energy Technology
• Robotics Engineering
• Solid Mechanics and Welding Technology

IJRME Journal Stats

Publication years 2013-2017
Publication count 193
Total Volumes 5
Total Issues 21
Citation count 1544
h-index 12
i5-index 18
Impact Factor 2.83
Downloads 465
Views 3836
Downloads/article 2.41
Citations/article 8

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